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chore(deps): update dependency black to v24

RenovateBot requested to merge renovate/black-24.x into main

This MR contains the following updates:

Package Type Update Change
black (changelog) dev major ^23.0.0 -> ^24.0.0


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Release Notes

psf/black (black)


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Bugfix release to fix a bug that made Black unusable on certain file systems with strict limits on path length.

Preview style
  • Consistently add trailing comma on typed parameters (#​4164)
  • Shorten the length of the name of the cache file to fix crashes on file systems that do not support long paths (#​4176)


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This release introduces the new 2024 stable style (#​4106), stabilizing the following changes:

  • Add parentheses around if-else expressions (#​2278)
  • Dummy class and function implementations consisting only of ... are formatted more compactly (#​3796)
  • If an assignment statement is too long, we now prefer splitting on the right-hand side (#​3368)
  • Hex codes in Unicode escape sequences are now standardized to lowercase (#​2916)
  • Allow empty first lines at the beginning of most blocks (#​3967, #​4061)
  • Add parentheses around long type annotations (#​3899)
  • Enforce newline after module docstrings (#​3932, #​4028)
  • Fix incorrect magic trailing comma handling in return types (#​3916)
  • Remove blank lines before class docstrings (#​3692)
  • Wrap multiple context managers in parentheses if combined in a single with statement (#​3489)
  • Fix bug in line length calculations for power operations (#​3942)
  • Add trailing commas to collection literals even if there's a comment after the last entry (#​3393)
  • When using --skip-magic-trailing-comma or -C, trailing commas are stripped from subscript expressions with more than 1 element (#​3209)
  • Add extra blank lines in stubs in a few cases (#​3564, #​3862)
  • Accept raw strings as docstrings (#​3947)
  • Split long lines in case blocks (#​4024)
  • Stop removing spaces from walrus operators within subscripts (#​3823)
  • Fix incorrect formatting of certain async statements (#​3609)
  • Allow combining # fmt: skip with other comments (#​3959)

There are already a few improvements in the --preview style, which are slated for the 2025 stable style. Try them out and share your feedback. In the past, the preview style has included some features that we were not able to stabilize. This year, we're adding a separate --unstable style for features with known problems. Now, the --preview style only includes features that we actually expect to make it into next year's stable style.

Stable style

Several bug fixes were made in features that are moved to the stable style in this release:

  • Fix comment handling when parenthesising conditional expressions (#​4134)
  • Fix bug where spaces were not added around parenthesized walruses in subscripts, unlike other binary operators (#​4109)
  • Remove empty lines before docstrings in async functions (#​4132)
  • Address a missing case in the change to allow empty lines at the beginning of all blocks, except immediately before a docstring (#​4130)
  • For stubs, fix logic to enforce empty line after nested classes with bodies (#​4141)
Preview style
  • Add --unstable style, covering preview features that have known problems that would block them from going into the stable style. Also add the --enable-unstable-feature flag; for example, use --enable-unstable-feature hug_parens_with_braces_and_square_brackets to apply this preview feature throughout 2024, even if a later Black release downgrades the feature to unstable (#​4096)
  • Format module docstrings the same as class and function docstrings (#​4095)
  • Fix crash when using a walrus in a dictionary (#​4155)
  • Fix unnecessary parentheses when wrapping long dicts (#​4135)
  • Stop normalizing spaces before # fmt: skip comments (#​4146)
  • Print warning when configuration in pyproject.toml contains an invalid key (#​4165)
  • Fix symlink handling, properly ignoring symlinks that point outside of root (#​4161)
  • Fix cache mtime logic that resulted in false positive cache hits (#​4128)
  • Remove the long-deprecated --experimental-string-processing flag. This feature can currently be enabled with --preview --enable-unstable-feature string_processing. (#​4096)
  • Revert the change to run Black's pre-commit integration only on specific git hooks (#​3940) for better compatibility with older versions of pre-commit (#​4137)


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  • Fixed a bug that included dependencies from the d extra by default (#​4108)


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